The genetics of BED are still in the embryonic stage. Current studies focus on genes involved in neurotransmitter production, such as dopamine receptors and m-opioid receptors. It is possible that heightened reward sensitivity is a predisposing factor for BED. This could be due to a strong dopamine signal in the striatal region. However, caution should be exercised when interpreting current findings. No genome-wide association studies have focused on BED.
The APA (American Psychological Association) published a revised edition of the DSM in 2013. The new edition of the DSM recognized BED as a distinct disorder, allowing treatment through most insurance plans and adding legitimacy to the condition. In January 2015, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse) for treatment of BED. A review of the drug’s efficacy and safety was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. While the drug was initially not approved for BED, the researchers noted that it had few side effects.
Another type of bed is called a waterbed. A waterbed has a flexible plastic mattress filled with water. It is important to use a strong frame for this kind of bed. There are several types of bed frames available on the market, which typically consist of a metal or wood base. A bed frame has side, foot, and head rails to create a box that holds the mattress. Platform beds, which are used without a box spring, are also available. Captain beds have storage drawers under the frame.
The main feature of an adjustable bed is the ability to adjust its height to several positions. While most hospital beds have adjustable positions, many people opt for an adjustable bed for their own home. In fact, there are even versions that are designed specifically for couples. One of these types of beds includes two separate mattresses so that one partner can lie flat and the other can lie on his or her side. In addition, these adjustable beds can be used for couples, as a result of a patient’s differing medical conditions.
Dialectical behavior therapy (CBT) is another treatment option. CBT focuses on the individual’s ability to regulate their emotions and cope with distress. Through this, individuals are better able to control their emotional states, and develop strategies that can alleviate their BED symptoms. These methods are effective for a variety of reasons, and many people have found success in treating their BED. And with this, they can even reduce their symptoms of co-occurring disorders, like depression and anxiety.
Binge eating disorder is characterized by a pattern of insatiable food cravings that occur at any time of the day or night. The episode is usually secretive and accompanied by shame and guilt. The cause of BED is unclear, but it is usually rooted in poor body image and low self-esteem, coupled with dysfunctional thinking. BED is not race-specific; African-American and Hispanic women are equally likely to develop the disorder.